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DeSoto Parish Chamber of Commerce

NATIONAL HISTORIC CORRIDOR BY GARY D. JOINER THE STATE COMMEMORATIVE AREA MANSFIELD BATTLE PARK (PHASE 1) The battle park contains about 15 percent of the battlefield. The park itself contains the bulk of the interior Union army lines. Mansfield was the last major Confederate victory of the war. BATTLE OF MANSFIELD (PHASE 2) This, the actual Sabine Crossroads, is located about seven tenths of a mile south of the park. Remnants of the original intersection still exist. General Richard Taylor the next day at the Battle Here the Union forces held briefly, before their of Mansfield. This mill was also known as Rich- line collapsed and the bulk of the Union supply ardson’s Mill. wagon train was captured. WILSON’S FARM BATTLE OF MANSFIELD (PHASE 3) The site is less than two miles north of the original This is the point where fighting finished due to town of Pleasant Hill. At the turn in the road nightfall. It is located about one mile south of here, the Union cavalry under Brigadier General Phase 2. It is very historically significant – it was Albert Lee, first met resistance. The Confederate the site of very vicious fighting in 1864 and the cavalry was under Texas Brigadier General Tom terrain/road grade is intact today; Richard Tay- Green, a hero of the Battle of San Jacinto in the lor planned his attack for the next day at this site; Mexican War. Green’s orders were not to en- and it was here that the orders were sent to Gen- gage the Union forces but to conduct a recon- eral Tom Green to go to Blair’s Landing. The site naissance in force to slow the Union column. is in imminent danger of destruction due to lig- Green would also do this at Carroll’s Mill and at nite mining. It has been placed on the highest Ten Mile Bayou. priority for study. PLEASANT HILL UNION ARMY MASS BURIAL TRENCHES This DeSoto Parish location was the site of fight- Recorded on an old map and located near ing on April 9, 1864. After the war, the village phases 2 and 3, this site contains hastily con- was moved south into Sabine Parish. This is the structed Union trench lines. The site is in immi- site of some of the heaviest fighting of the cam- nent danger due to lignite mining. It has been paign. Richard Taylor’s battle plans were made placed on the highest priority for study. here although this was not intended to be the battle site. Taylor was surprised by the presence TEN MILE BAYOU of troops under Union Brigadier General An- This is the site of one of the brief cavalry fights drew Jackson Smith. The battle was a tie but the between Pleasant Hill and Mansfield. Union commander Nathaniel Banks decided to CARROLL JONES MILL (CARROLL’S MILL) a strategic defeat for the Union.retreat to Grand Encore and the battle became This is the site of another cavalry fight. Carroll KEACHIE Jones was a free black man who operated what appears to be one of the few water-powered This small village was the site of a male and fe- gristmills in the South. Following the fight, the site male college campus at the time of the battle. It was the night camp for the Union cavalry divi- served as a marshaling point for the Texas troops sion led by Brigadier General Albert Lee on going to the battle of Mansfield and Pleasant April 7, 1864. Lee made the first contact with Hill and was used as a hospital after the battle. 5


DeSoto Parish Chamber of Commerce
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